About Achitechture by Paula Echeverri Montes
April 16, 2019When we talk about architecture, we also refer to the relationship it has with the different forces that define the identity of a place, or its historical context. These forces have to do with power, society, culture, and even ruptures during crisis times. Architecture has the power to express a reality beyond the physical and spatial composition, which can express ideas and transmitting cultural values.
In this sense, we accept that the value of architecture is based on what buildings do and express, but also, fortunately, what they can create. New realities chained in a creative process that develops throughout history, becoming its own and timely part of the cultural identity, because it is rooted in a place.
Why is architecture part of the cultural heritage of a community? Because it talks about their cultural values, their identity; because it becomes their heritage, the values that sustain their current reality and the uniqueness of the community.
This cultural reality tells us about those who are involved in the creation of a community. It also speaks of the vision that people have of the world, their values, their interests and, in addition, of what they seek and their future projection.
It is necessary to understand people, a critical analysis at different levels. Transcending aesthetics, the dogmatisms of education, validating the realities of each historical moment, and, above all, to come closer architecture as an artistic and creative expression, understanding its geometry, composition, materials, poetry, and learn to see architecture from another perspective.
If a building affects the meaning of another one, when their expressions are combined and interact, then, in the architectural proposals that emerge within consolidated contexts, there must be a creative attitude towards history. That attitude will create a culture willing to be critical, to propose new things.
Between the existing and the new, there is a complementary relationship that resides in the idea of a new meaning. That is the creation of a new reality that generates appropriation in a community. When a building acts on another, creating a new combined identity and expressing a new meaning, an exchange at the foundation of every creative act will be generated (Paul S. Byard).
Following the previous idea, a complementary relationship between the existing and the new is generated, being an ideal space to reside a new meaning. A new reality is created based on principles of geometry, volumetry, and space. Architecture has its own language and it refers to important elements such as structure, space, form, and construction; elements that evolve and interact to provide a precise order to space, a precise identity, a particular communication interface that we can renew and intervene, in order to generate new collective areas of interaction.
If the relationship between existing buildings and new buildings is understood in the course of protection and preservation processes, there must be laws that protect the expressive identity of existing and new buildings. By opening a creative space that promotes reflection on the dynamics between the historical and the new, opportunities for cultural development multiply. It opens the possibility of expression in a creative act, whose foundation will be the patrimonial and historical values.
When the impact results in what is collectively called combined works and once a historical set is intervened, those new elements enter to participate in the dynamics of the whole, its language, its architectural, and urbanistic performance within a broader context.
Now, the creative proposal transcends tradition and the approach to a wider virtual world. The concept that generates the proposal is no longer based on imitation, lines of composition, proportion, or stylistic language. The new generated reality allows the coexistence of facts and factors, inherited or proposed. A creative attitude towards history, the very freedom to become actors within the scene of history; an act of collective cultural creation.
In the face of modern tradition, the attitude of the world changed from the 60s, both in the sciences, as in the humanities, and strongly in the creative field. During the final period of the twentieth century, the multiplicity of realities confronted the architects in their practice, transformed into an experimental skill whose results build an organic whole. Presenting thus, a new paradigm for the spatial creation and the experience of space.
In conclusion, architecture combines spatial and structural qualities, where the historical and the new are mutually transformed. A poetic narrative in which the previous characteristics coexist; they generate new landscapes that introduce current architecture into historical environments. In the theme, a more complex reality appears, identified by Robert Venturi as the reality that reflects the difficult unity of inclusion, in contrast to the easy unity of exclusion.
Paula Echeverri Montes